Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake)

Venom composition
Figure 1: Composition of M.altirostris venom, studied at the proteomic level (A) and at the transcriptomic level (B) (Correa-Netto et al., 2011 ). The following families are represented: 3FTx (snake three-finger toxin ), CRISP, PLA2 (phospholipase A2 ), LAAO (flavin monoamine oxidase (L-amino-acid oxidase) ), Snaclec, SVMP (P-III) (Venom metalloproteinase ), venom Kunitz-type, lysosomal lipase A, natriuretic peptide, veficolin, Ohanin/vespryn and waprin.
Clinical Effects, Treatment, Antivenoms See the Clinical Toxinology Resources Website.
Lethal dose
LD(50) on white mice is
0.6-0.7 mg/kg by intramuscular injection
0.5 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection
0.2-0.3 mg/kg by intravenous injection

LD(50) on Synbranchus marmoratus
(a fish) is

0.7-0.8 mg/kg by intramuscular injection
0.6-0.7 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection

LD(50) on Gymnotus carapo
(a fish) is

0.9 mg/kg by intramuscular injection
0.7-0.8 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection




LD(50) on Amphisbaena cunhai
(a squamate reptile) is

0.4-0.5 mg/kg by intramuscular injection
0.2-0.3 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection

LD(50) on Liophis typhlus
(a colubrid snake) is

0.1-0.2 mg/kg by intramuscular injection
0.06-0.07 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection

da Silva Jr. and Aird, 2001.

Venom protein entries in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

15 entries grouped by family (browse by taxonomy, browse by keywords)

1 entry

Natriuretic peptide family

"Natriuretic peptide family" VenomZone page
VNP_MICAT Natriuretic peptide (NP) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...

1 entry

Phospholipase A2 family, Group I subfamily

"Phospholipase A2 family" VenomZone page
PA235_MICAT Phospholipase A2 MALT0035C (svPLA2) (EC 3.1.1.4) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...

1 entry

Phospholipase A2 family, Group I subfamily, D49 sub-subfamily

"Phospholipase A2 family" VenomZone page
PA226_MICAT Phospholipase A2 (EC 3.1.1.4) (MALT0026C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...

5 entries

Snake three-finger toxin family, Short-chain subfamily

Select_allDeselect_all "Snake three-finger toxin family" VenomZone page
3SX0_MICAT Three-finger toxin MALT0070C (3FTx MALT0070C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...
3SX3_MICAT Three-finger toxin MALT0063C (3FTx MALT0063C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...
3SX4_MICAT Three-finger toxin MALT0044C (3FTx MALT0044C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...
3SX5_MICAT Three-finger toxin MALT0065C (3FTx MALT0065C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...
3SX9_MICAT Three-finger toxin MALT0059C (3FTx MALT0059C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...

6 entries

Snake three-finger toxin family, Short-chain subfamily, Type I alpha-neurotoxin sub-subfamily

Select_allDeselect_all "Snake three-finger toxin family" VenomZone page
3S151_MICAT Three finger toxin MALT0051C (MALT0051C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...
3S152_MICAT Three finger toxin MALT0052C (MALT0052C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...
3S154_MICAT Three finger toxin MALT0054C (MALT0054C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...
3S157_MICAT Three finger toxin MALT0057C (MALT0057C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...
3S158_MICAT Three finger toxin MALT0058C Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...
3S166_MICAT Three finger toxin MALT0066C (MALT0066C) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...

1 entry

Venom Kunitz-type family

"Venom Kunitz-type family" VenomZone page
VKT_MICAT Protease inhibitor (MALT0027C) (Fragment) Micrurus altirostris (Uruguayan coral snake) ...