Vipera renardi renardi

Venom composition image
Figure 1: Composition of the Russian Vipera renardi renardi, studied at the proteomic level (Kovalchuk et al., 2016); quantified by the whole venom in-solution shotgun approach (MaxLFQ)

The venom contains the following families:
PLA2 (phospholipase A2), DI (disintegrin), svMP (metalloproteinase), Cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISP), svSP (serine protease), LAAO (L-amino acid oxidase), CTL/Snaclec (C-type lectin related protein), VEGF, other peptidases and KUN (Kunitz-type inhibitor).
Additionally, as "other" labeled families: NGF, 5NUC (5'-nucleotidase), PDE (phosphodiesterase), PLB (phospholipase B), glutaminyl cylcase and PLA2 inhibitor.
Clinical Effects, Treatment, Antivenoms See the WHO venomous snake database to access snake distribution and antivenom products.