Bungarus multicinctus (many-banded krait)


Venom composition

Figure 1: Composition of B. multicinctus venom, studied at the transcriptomic level. The venom contains the following families: 3FTx (snake three-finger toxin ), NGF (NGF-beta ), acetylcholinesterase, LAAO (flavin monoamine oxidase (L-amino-acid oxidase) ), serine protease (peptidase S1, referred to as a prothrombin activator (Pa) in the study), ohanin/vespryn, CRISP, NP (natriuretic peptide ), C-type lectin (true venom lectin ), Kunitz (Venom Kunitz-type, PA2 (phospholipase A2 ) (Jiang et al., 2011 ).
Venom metalloproteinases were not observed in this study (Jiang et al., 2011 ), whereas Guo et al., 2007 reported the presence of a metalloproteinase in this venom.

Clinical Effects, Treatment, Antivenoms See the Clinical Toxinology Resources Website (Pre- and post-synaptic neurotoxins)
and the WHO snake database to access snake distribution and antivenom products.
Lethal dose LD(50) is 0.108 mg/kg when subcutaneously injected (Jiang et al., 2011 ).

Venom protein entries in UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

53 entries grouped by family (browse by taxonomy, browse by keywords)

1 entry

Flavin monoamine oxidase family, FIG1 subfamily

"Flavin monoamine oxidase family" VenomZone page
OXLA_BUNMU L-amino-acid oxidase (Bm-LAAO) (LAO) (EC ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

1 entry

Natriuretic peptide family

"Natriuretic peptide family" VenomZone page
VNP_BUNMU Natriuretic peptide BM026 (NP) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

1 entry

NGF-beta family

"NGF-beta family" VenomZone page
NGFV_BUNMU Venom nerve growth factor (v-NGF) (vNGF) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

1 entry

Not in a family

IVBL_BUNMU Beta-bungarotoxin B chain-like (BL1) (Fragment) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

1 entry

Peptidase S1 family, Snake venom subfamily

"Peptidase S1 family" VenomZone page
VSP1_BUNMU Snake venom serine protease BmSP (SVSP) (EC ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

11 entries

Phospholipase A2 family, Group I subfamily, D49 sub-subfamily

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PA2A3_BUNMU Acidic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A3 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2A4_BUNMU Acidic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A4 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2A6_BUNMU Acidic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A6 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2A_BUNMU Acidic phospholipase A2 (svPLA2) (EC 3.1.1.4) ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2B1_BUNMU Basic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A1 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2B2_BUNMU Basic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A2 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2B5_BUNMU Basic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A5 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2B7_BUNMU Basic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A7 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2BC_BUNMU Basic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A-AL3 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2BD_BUNMU Basic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A-AL4 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
PA2B_BUNMU Basic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A-AL2 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

1 entry

Phospholipase A2 family, Group I subfamily, G49 sub-subfamily

"Phospholipase A2 family" VenomZone page
PA2BA_BUNMU Basic phospholipase A2 beta-bungarotoxin A-AL1 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

6 entries

Snake three-finger toxin family, Long-chain subfamily, Kappa-neurotoxin sub-subfamily

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3LK2_BUNMU Kappa-2-bungarotoxin (Kappa-neurotoxin CB1) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3LK3_BUNMU Kappa-3-bungarotoxin (K3Bgt) (Kappa-neurotoxin) ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3LK4_BUNMU Kappa-4-bungarotoxin Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3LK5_BUNMU Kappa-5-bungarotoxin Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3LK6_BUNMU Kappa-6-bungarotoxin (K-6 bungarotoxin) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3LKB_BUNMU Kappa-bungarotoxin (Kappa-bgt) ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

2 entries

Snake three-finger toxin family, Long-chain subfamily, Type II alpha-neurotoxin sub-subfamily

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3L21A_BUNMU Alpha-bungarotoxin (Alpha-Bgtx) (Alpha-Btx) ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3L21V_BUNMU Alpha-bungarotoxin isoform V31 (Alpha-BTX V31) ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

2 entries

Snake three-finger toxin family, Non-conventional subfamily, Orphan group IV sub-subfamily

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3NO41_BUNMU Neurotoxin BM10-1-like (BM10-1l) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3NO4H_BUNMU Long neurotoxin homolog (BM10-1) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

3 entries

Snake three-finger toxin family, Non-conventional subfamily, Orphan group V sub-subfamily

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3NO52_BUNMU Long neurotoxin homolog NTL2 Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3NO56_BUNMU Long neurotoxin homolog TA-bm16 (Delta-protein) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3NO5I_BUNMU Gamma-bungarotoxin (Long neurotoxin homolog ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

3 entries

Snake three-finger toxin family, Non-conventional subfamily, Orphan group XVII sub-subfamily

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3NOH3_BUNMU Cytotoxin-like protein TA-BMBGT3 Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3NOHE_BUNMU Muscarinic toxin BM14 Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3NOH_BUNMU Toxin BMLCL (BM8) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

1 entry

Snake three-finger toxin family, Short-chain subfamily, Orphan group III sub-subfamily

"Snake three-finger toxin family" VenomZone page
3SO3_BUNMU Short neurotoxin homolog NTL4 Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

4 entries

Snake three-finger toxin family, Short-chain subfamily, Orphan group IX sub-subfamily

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3SO91_BUNMU Short neurotoxin homolog NTL1 (BM10-2) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3SO93_BUNMU Neurotoxin-like protein pMD18-NTL3 Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3SO95_BUNMU Neurotoxin-like protein pMD18-NTL1/2/4/5 Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
3SO9L_BUNMU Cardiotoxin homolog TA-ctx-like Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

1 entry

Snake three-finger toxin family, Short-chain subfamily, Orphan group VII sub-subfamily

"Snake three-finger toxin family" VenomZone page
3SO7_BUNMU Short neurotoxin homolog Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

1 entry

Snake three-finger toxin family, Short-chain subfamily, Orphan group VIII (haditoxin) sub-subfamily

"Snake three-finger toxin family" VenomZone page
3SO8_BUNMU Muscarinic toxin-like protein Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

2 entries

True venom lectin family

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LECG1_BUNMU C-type lectin BML-1 (CTL) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
LECM2_BUNMU C-type lectin BML-2 (CTL) Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

10 entries

Venom Kunitz-type family

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VKT1L_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor PILP-1 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
VKT2L_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor PILP-2 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
VKT3L_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor PILP-3 ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
VKTH1_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor homolog ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
VKTH2_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor homolog ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
VKTH3_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor homolog ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
VKTH4_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor homolog ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
VKTH5_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor homolog ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
VKTH6_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor homolog ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)
VKTH7_BUNMU Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor homolog ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)

1 entry

Venom metalloproteinase (M12B) family, P-III subfamily, P-IIIa sub-subfamily

"Venom metalloproteinase (M12B) family" VenomZone page
VM3_BUNMU Zinc metalloproteinase-disintegrin-like BmMP (EC ... Bungarus multicinctus (Many-banded krait)